Lesvos is the third biggest island in the Aegean (after Crete and Evia). Indeed, it is the natural abundance that primarily draws visitors. Hiking the idyllic southern olive groves, the “lava paths” and volcanic geotopes as well as bird-watching – the island is the transit point and home to over 279 species of birds ranging from raptors to waders – are both very popular. Lesvos’ long coastline, hardly touched by package tourism, is dotted with therapeutic hot springs, virtually untouched coastal fishing villages and pristine beaches which range from golden, black or red sand to pebbles of blazing white quartz; lush mountain river valleys around Aghiasos which is surrounded by chestnut groves; traditional villages and brilliant beaches at Drota, Melinda & Eresos. more about Lesvos ....
Culturally, too, Lesvos has gone above and beyond. From the musical composer Terpander and poet Arion of the 7th century BC, to 20th-century figures like Nobel Prize–winning poet Odysseus Elytis and primitive painter Theofilos, the island has given birth to artists of genius. Under the great ancient philosophers Aristotle and Epicurus, an exceptional philosophical academy flourished on the island. Most famous, however, is Sappho, one of ancient Greece’s greatest poets. Her sensuous, passionate poetry, apparently created for a select group of female devotees, has fuelled a modern-day cult that draws lesbians from around the world to pay homage to the poet in Skala Eresou, the west Lesvos beach village where she was born around 630 BC.
Appropriately enough, the stark natural beauty that inspired all these artists and thinkers itself derived from a great event: a massive prehistoric volcanic eruption that buried and transformed its surroundings, making western Lesvos into a treasury of prehistoric fossils and gems, and the unique petrified forest. Do not miss to visit The Natural History Museum of the Lesvos Petrified Forest at Sigri.
After Petrified Forest also the entire Lesvos Island joined In Global Geoparks Network of UNESCO. The inclusion decision was confirmed during the session of UNESCO's Geoparks Bureau under the 11th European Geoparks Conference held in Arouca, Portugal, from 19 to 21 September 2012.
Geoparks in Lesvos
Volcanic structures (veins and domes) of Eressos: The region of Eressos is also an astonishing landscape covered with a wide variety of volcanic structures. Impressive volcanic domes visibly protrude through the layers of pyroclastic flows that have almost covered the entire region. Features of a particular beauty are the alternations of volcanic layers, remnants of other times that today remind the visitor of the level of destruction caused by the intense volcanic activity that occurred in the region. Throughout the area, layers of pyroclastic flows alternate distinctly, while through them emerge lava which is more resistant to erosion. The crystalline limestones of the region also appear particularly impressive, since they have been penetrated and displaced by the lava. more…
Beyond Antissa the landscape becomes lunar, with bare mountains and strange rock formations. You drive through the harsh landscape between mountains until you come to a huge green valley with a beautiful village at the top, Eressos. At the end of a long, narrow, straight road is Skala Eressos, an alternative beach town with great restaurants, cafes, shops, bars, meditation, yoga, bodywork and many things you would not expect to find in a remote Greek island village.
Eresos is an international place and many people around the world and from other Greek places they choose to live here, mostly in the area called Kambos (stretches from the inland village of Eressos up to the outer edges of the beach town of Skala Eressos).
There is also one of the best beaches in Greece, a mile or two of sand that stretches along the bottom of this lush fertile valley from mountain range to mountain range, dissected by a river full of turtles that has water even in the summer when it hasn't rained in months.